CONSEQUENCES OF COAL PROJECTS LEADING TO DISPLACEMENT OF LAND LOSERS: A PAINFUL AND DISRUPTIVE PROCESS
- Key words: Project Development, Land, Project affected Person (PAP), Resettlement, Rehabilitation.
Copyright (c) 2018 IJRDO - Journal of Business Management (ISSN: 2455-6661)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
For the purpose of steady and faster economic growth, plans for development in all front including industrial units appear to be important. In deciding priority concentration on viable schemes with concrete plan of action will be essential. Coal, the prime energy source will be dominating industrial front for a few decades to come, and therefore, attaching importance to new Coal Projects will gain priority. New Projects, especially in Coal sector is directly dependent on the prime parameter-land. Land of various size is required for coal extraction either from underground, incline or opencast. With the acquisition of land for coal projects through various laws, people associated with the land become affected–and this may cause shifting of settled people. For economic growth and in the interest of nation while new Coal Projects are essential, land acquisition and consequent effect disrupts the traditional, social system and source of livelihood of the people associated to such land. Displacement of people involuntarily may give rise to severe social, economic and environmental problem because 1) in the relocated environment productive skill of the people may be less applicable,2 ) productive asset and sources of income are lost 3) social structure may get disrupted 4) cultural identity may diminish. A balance between economical growth and protection of project affected people is the prime task before public sector coal companies.
2. Cemea, M.M. and Guggenheim, S.E. (1985). Is Anthropology Superfluous in Farming Systems Research? Farming Systems Research, 4:504- 17,
3. Roli Asthana, Involuntary Resettlement: Survey of International Experience, Economic and Political Weekly 1996 Vol. 31, No. 24 :1468-1475
4. Ministry of Coal, Government of India and CIL2005 Coal Vision 25
5. Banerjee S, P R&R Issue Facing the Coal Industry Gondowana 2007 Vol 2I:5 Published by IICM.
6.Gupta Anup K Effective Implementation of R&R A Challenge For Development and Industrialization Gondowana vol 2 I July 2007 P.12 Published by IICM
7. World Bank Operation Directive in Involuntary Resettlement 1990, OD4.30,Washington DC