Muḥammad Iqbāl and his position on women's issues

  • Professor Dr Salahuddin Bin Mohd Shamsud Professor of Islamic Literature, Faculty of Arabic Language, University Islam Sultan Sharif Ali, Brunei Darussalam.
Keywords: Muḥammad Iqbāl’s biography, and his position on women's issues: Women's motherhood, Women's freedom, Women’s marital relationship and Perfect woman.

Abstract

First, we highlighted the biography of Iqbāl the poet, his life, scientific and intellectual culture, thoughts and philosophy, and his scientific books and poetry, because he was one of those reformers who addressed the women's issues. Second, we mentioned his position on the women’s issues in the East and the West that were selected from his books and poetry, because these issued were not mentioned in one particular book or a certain place, as they were spread in his multiple books and poems. Those women’s issues that were addressed by Iqbāl were as: Women's Motherhood, Women's Freedom, Women’s Marital Relationship and the Perfect woman in the opinion of Iqbāl. No doubt, the men and women are two pillars of human civilization. Each of them is a part cannot be separated from the history of human civilization and urbanization, women cannot be separated from a subject related to the human society and civilization. In fact they are two equal wheels of the cart of human life since the beginning of creation of the male and female, as she is equal to the man since ever, and the essential differences that separate them are those on which the Great Creative Creator, God almighty, and they still remain and will remain until the Day of Judgment. Iqbāl addresses Muslim women, explaining that Fatima Zahra is an ideal woman and good example, so all women must follow her virtuous qualities and avoid the cunning, deception, debauchery and corrupt upbringing that the times have brought.

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References

Muḥammad Iqbāl. Kullyyat-e-Iqbal:

آنجه مى جويد مقام كبريا ست *** اين مقام از عقل وحكمت ماورا ست

A letter sent by Firāq Gorakhpurī to Sayyid Muḥammad Ṭufail the editor of “Nuqūsh” Magazine, on February 23, 1953. Lahore.

“Nuqūsh”. The Monthly Magazine. (July 1960). A special issue on (Higher Literature). Lahore - Pakistan.

“Al-Balāgh” Magazine, (Issue: September 1995). Bombay – India: p. 48

Sayyid Qāzī ‘Abdul-Ḥamīd. (September 1977). Article entitled: (Economic Theory of Iqbāl), Māh-e-Naw Magazine, p. 279

Muḥammad Iqbāl. Kullyyat-e-Iqbal:

كرده ام اندر مقاماتش نكاه *** لا سلاطين، لا كليسا، لا إلـه

فكرِ او در تندباد (لا) بماند *** مركبِ خود راسوئ (إلا) نراند

آيدش وقتى كه از زور جنون ***خويش را زين تندباد آرد برون

در مقامِ (لا) نيا سايد حيات *** سوئ (إلا) مي خرامد كائنات

Mandūr. Muḥammad. Literature and its doctrines. p. 93

Muḥammad Iqbāl. Kullyyat-e-Iqbal:

هنـديان با يكدكر آويختند *** فتنهائي كهنه باز انكيختند

تا فرنجي قوم از مغرب زمين *** ثالث آمد در نزاعِ كفر ودين

Muḥammad Iqbāl. Kullyyat-e-Iqbāl:

كرين كي اهلِ نظر تازه بستيان آباد *** مري نكاه نهين سوئي كوفه وبغداد

نه فلسفي سى، نه ملا سى هى غرض مجهكو *** يه دل كي موت، وه اندشه ونظر كا فساد

Muḥammad Iqbāl. Kullyyat-e-Iqbāl:

درويشِ خدا مست نه شرقي هى نه غربي *** كهر ميرا نه (دلِّي) نه (صفاهان) نه (سمرقند)

Muḥammad Iqbāl. Ḍarb-e-Kalīm. p. 68

Samīr ‘Abdul Ḥamīd. Secrets and Symbols. p. 174

Ibid. p.175

Ibid. pp. 136, 137

Ibid. p. 137

Muḥammad Iqbāl. Ḍarb-e-Kalīm. P. 67

Samīr ‘Abdul Ḥamīd. Secrets and Symbols, p. 137), Iqbāl Al-Shā‘ir Al-Thā’ir, pp: 122-123

Ibid., Pp. 122-123

‘Abdul Wahhāb ‘Azzām. Muḥammad Iqbāl. p. 190-191

Ḍarb-e-Kalīm. p. 70

‘Abdul Wahhāb ‘Azzām. Muḥammad Iqbāl. p. 191

Secrets and Symbols, p. 138-139

Ibid. Pp. 139-140

Published
2021-05-30
How to Cite
Shamsud, P. D. S. B. M. (2021). Muḥammad Iqbāl and his position on women’s issues. IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research , 6(5), 47-53. https://doi.org/10.53555/sshr.v6i5.4330