INFLUENCE OF URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN AL-MAJIRI (DISCIPLES) IN KAWO DISTRICT OF KADUNA METROPOLIS, KADUNA STATE-NIGERIA
A study on the influence of urinary schistosomiasis on nutritional status in Al-majiri was carried out to document the status of the disease and their nutritional status in Kawo District of Kaduna metropolis. Urine samples were from taken 360 Al-Majiris and analysed using the sedimentation method. Structured Knowledge, Attitude and Practice questionnaires were used determined age and water contact-related activities were administered and anthropometric measurements were to determine the nutritional status. A prevalence of 44.2% was recorded with mean intensity of 45.32 eggs/10ml of urine. The highest prevalence was recorded in the 10-14 age group while the lowest was recorded in the 20-24 age group. The age and water contact-related prevalence study revealed urinary schistosomiasis is greatly influenced by age and water contact. 30.8% of the respondent perceived Urinary schistosomiasis as a form of yellow fever. Body Mass Index (BMI) revealed that 63.3% of those infected are severely malnourished, BMI indicates a strong relation (P<0.05) between urinary schistosomiasis and malnutrition. It is suggested that in order to prevent urinary schistosomiasis, provision of portable drinking water, prevention of widespread wadding in pod water, adequate personal hygiene, improved nutrition and treatment of an infected persons to lessen the likelihood of water pollution should be encouraged.
 Awosu, O. B., Shariman, Y. Z., Haziqah, M. T. F., Olusi, T. A. (2020). Will Nigeria winthe war against Urinary schistosomiasis? Prevalence, intensity, risk factors and Knowledge assessment among some rural communities in Southwestern Nigeria. Pathogens, 9(2), 128.
 CDC(2012). Anthropometric reference Data for children and adults, United State 2007-2010. DHHS Publication.1-2.
 Chala, B., Torben, W. (2018). An epidemiological trend of urinogenital schistosomiasis in Ehiopia. Frontiers in public health, 6, 60
 Cheesebrought M. (2009). District laboratory practice in tropical countries. Cambridge University Press.196-197.
 Darraj, M. (2022). Urinary Bladder Schistosomiasis Mimicking Neoplasm: A Case Report. Medicina, 58(8),1001.
 Dawet A., Benjamin C. B., Akunbi D. P(2012). Prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium among residents of Liwong and Kasong Jos north local government area, Plateau state Nigeria. International journal of tropical medicine. 7(2):69-73.
 Deribew, K., Yewhalw, D., Erko, B., Mekonnen, Z. (2022). Urogenital Schistosomiasis prevalence and diagnostic performance of urine filtration and urinalysis reagent strip in school children, Ethiopia. Plos one, 17(7), e0271569.
 Gbalegba, N. G. G. C., Silue, K. D., Ba, O., Ba, H., Tian-Bi, N. T., Yapi, G. Y., Koundou, B. G. (2017). Prevalence and seasonal transmission of Schsitosoma haematobium infection among school aged children in Kaedi town, southern Mauritania. Parasites and Vectors. 10(1):1-12
 Grolimund, C. M., Barenbold, O., Hatz, C. F., Vennervald, B. J., Mayonbana, C., Mshinda,H., Vounatsou, P (2022). Infection Intensity-dependent accuracy of reagent strip for the diagnosis of Schisotosma haematobium and estimation of treatment prevalence thresholds. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases, 16(4), e0010332.
 Ezeamana, A. E., Bustinduy, A. L., Nkwata, A. K., Marnitex, L., Pabalan, N., Boovin, M. J., King, C. H. (2018). Cognitive deficits and educational loss in children with Schistosoma infection-a systematic review and meta-analysis. Plos neglected tropical diseases, 12(1), e0005524.
 Haratipour, H., Sohrabi, M. B., Zolfaghari, P., Nezakati, E., Yahyaei, E., Rezvani. S. (2016). The relationship between malnutrionand intestinal parasitic infection among preschool children in East area of Iran. International Journal of Pediatrics. 4(6):2011-2018.
 Liverworth D(2005). The rise resistance: Resistance in UK. www.welcome.Ac.Uk.
 Mohammed, M., Vantsawa, P. A., Abdullahi, U. Y., Muktar, M. D. (2015). Nutritional status and prevalence of intestinal schistosmiasis among Al-majiri population in Kawo District of Kaduna Meropolis, Kaduna State-Nigeria. Journal of bacteriology and Parsitology. 6(4),1.
 Noriodo, R. M., Idowo, E. T., Otubanjo, O. A., Mafe, M. A. (2018). Urinary schistosomiasis in school aged children of two rural communities in Edo State. Journal of infection and public health. 11(3): 383-388.
 Otuneme, O. G., Obebe, O. O., Sajobi, T. T., Akinleye, W. A., Faloye, T. G. (2019). Prevalence of Schistosomiasis in a neglected community, south western Nigeria at two points in time, spaced three years apart. African health Sciences. 19(1):1338-1345.
 Umar, Y. A. and Adamu, N.B. (2004).
 Survey of helminth eggs on some selected vegetables sold in Kaduna markets, Kaduna state Nigeria. West African Journal of Biological sciences, 15:45-47.
 WHO (1995). Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthrpometry. WHO Technical report. No 854, Geneva.
 WHO (2022). Fact sheet January, 2022 Schistosomiasis, retrieved on October, 11, 2022 from http://www.google.com
 Yushau M. A., Tsafe A. K., Babangida S. I., Lawal N. I (2013). Problems and prospects of integrated Al-Majiri education in northern Nigeria. Journal of pure and applied sciences.2(3):125-134.
Copyright (c) 2022 IJRDO -JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES AND NURSING
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Author(s) and co-author(s) jointly and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere. Author(s) agree to the terms that the IJRDO Journal will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.