Women Knowledge, Attitude and Proposed Preventive Health Practices towards Menopausal Symptoms
An alteration of lifestyle before menopause and the mode of approach to life after menopause can help those who aren’t approaching menopause to be prepared for what is ahead of them and thereby reduce the menopause-related health problems and helps them enter this stage of their life with adequate knowledge and a positive attitude.
Aim: Assess women's knowledge and attitude toward menopausal symptoms and to investigate the health proposed health practices to overcome menopausal problems.
Research design: A descriptive cross- sectional study design was adopted in this study.
Setting: the current study was conducted in obstetrics & gynecological outpatient clinics at Sohag University hospital in Sohag city, Egypt from April to September 2017.
Sample: A convenience sampling of 390 pre-menopausal women who fit the criteria was included in the study.
Tool: One tool used in the current study named as structure interview questionnaire consisting of four parts: demographic information, questions to assess knowledge, preventive health practice and attitude toward menopause.
Results: Most of the women had poor level of knowledge about menopause, and less than two thirds of them (60%) had also poor level of knowledge concerning preventive health practice about menopause. Whereas (65%) of the studied women had positive attitude toward menopause.
Conclusion: The study concluded that women’ knowledge level and awareness toward the preventive health practices were low with a positive attitude toward menopause.
Recommendations: The study recommended that a well-informed continuous, health education program should be imparted to women. Further, emphasis also needs to be given through workshops and seminars about menopause.
Anitha KA (2005): Study to assess the Prevalence of Menopausal Problems and Preventive Health Behaviours of Selected Groups of Women in Raichur. Master degree in obstetrics and gynecology nursing. Navodaya College of Nursing .Rajiv Gandhi University of Sciences Karnataka, Bangalore.
Anjum F., Ghayas S., Jahan N. and Yasin H. (2013): Awareness and perception of menopause in Pakistani women. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(2):429-36.
Ayers B, Forshow M, & Hunter M. S.(2010): The impact of attitudes toward the menopause on women's symptom experience: A systemic review. Maturitas. ; 65(1):28–36.
Bakouei F., Basirat Z., Salmalian H., Omidvar S. and Bakouei S. (2013): Assessment of women’s awareness level about symptoms and complications of menopause and methods to their prevention. Journal of Local and Global Health Science, 3:6. http://dx.doi.org/10.5339/jlghs.2013.6/10.5339/jlghs.2013.6
Blümel JE, Chedraui P, Baron G, Belzares E, Bencosme A, & Calle A,. (2012): Menopausal symptoms appear before the menopause and persist 5 years beyond: A detailed analysis of a multinational study. Climacteric; 15:542-51.
Cheng MH, Wang SJ, Wang PH, Fuh JL. 2005: Attitudes toward menopause among middle-aged women: a community survey in an island of Taiwan. Maturitas; 52:348–355.
Çoban A., Nehir S., Demirci H., Özbaşaran F., İnceboz U. (2008): The impact on menopausal symptoms of marital adjustment and attitude toward menopausal of married women in the climacteric period. Fırat University Medical Journal of Health; 22: 343–349.
Dienye PO, Judah F, Ndukwu G. (2013): Frequency of symptoms and health seeking behaviours of menopausal women in an out-patient clinic in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Glob J Health Sci; 5:39-47.
Elkazeh E, Abo Elghite E, El-Zeftawy A & Mohamed A (2015): Knowledge of Women in Reproductive Age about Menopausal Problems and Preventive Health Behaviors in Tanta City, Al -Gharbyia Governorate, Egypt; IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science (IOSR-JNHS) e-ISSN: 2320–1959.p- ISSN: 2320–1940 Volume 4, Issue 3 Ver. II (May. - Jun. 2015), PP 51-63 www.iosrjournals.org)
Ensieh N., Nayereh K., Ahmad A., Akbar H., Soheila D. (2014):Knowledge and attitude toward menopause phenomenon among women aged 40–45 years
Eun K, Hyun S, and Nam M. (2014): Menopause Knowledge, Attitude, Symptom and Management among Midlife Employed Women. J Menopausal Med. 2014 Dec; 20(3): 118–125. doi: 10.6118/jmm.2014.20.3.118
Ford K., Sowers M., & Crutchfield M., (2011): Longitudinal study of the predictors of prevalence and severity of symptoms commonly associated with menopause. 12: 308-317. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.GME.0000163869.89878.D9
Gazang N. and Jwan M.. (2012): Perception and Experience Regarding Menopause among Menopaused Women Attending Teaching Hospitals in Erbil City, 2012; 11: 159–66.
Jassim G., Al-Shboul Q. (2008): Attitudes of Bahraini women towards the menopause: implications for health care policy. Maturitas; 59: 358–372.
Kim M., Cho J., Ahn Y., Yim G., Park H. (2014): Association between physical activity and menopausal symptoms in perimenopausal women. BMC Womens' Health: 14:122.
Loutfy I, Abdel Aziz F, Dabbous N. I, Hassan M. H. A. (2006): Women's perception and experience of menopause: a community-based study in Alexandria, Egypt. East Mediterr Health J; 12(Suppl 2):S93–106.
McNamara M, Batur P, DeSapri KT. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Feb 3;162(3):ITC1-15. doi: 10.7326/AITC201502030. Review.PMID:25643316
More S, Sujatha P, & Karthiga, (2018): Knowledge, attitude and experiences of menopause in the postmenopausal women at a tertiary care center: a cross sectional study. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol; 7:4758-61.
Mujahid S, Siddiqui AA, Hussain R. 2013: Awareness of Menopausal Symptoms among Young Pakistani Women of Different Educational Backgrounds. J South Asian Feder Menopause Soc; 1(1): 18-20.
Mustafa GN & Sabir JM. (2012): Perception and Experience Regarding Menopause among Menopaused Women Attending Teaching Hospitals in Erbil City. Global Journal of Health Science. May; 4(3): 170–178.
Najafabadi M., Kalhori H., Javadifar N., Haghighizadeh M. (2015): Association between Perceived Social Support and Depression in Postmenopausal Women. Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care, 2015; 4: 12-17.
Noroozi E, Dolatabadi NK, Eslami AA, Hassanzadeh A, Davari S. (2013): Knowledge and attitude toward menopause phenomenon among women aged 40-45 years. J Educ Health Promot. 2:25. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
Patel V., Koshy S., Ravindra H. (2014): Effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding menopausal symptoms and its management among women. IOSR J Nurs Health Sci; 3: 22-6.
Rahman S., Zainudin S., and Kar V. (2010): Assessment of menopausal symptoms using modified Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) among middle age women in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. Asia Pacific Family Medicine, 9:5.
Jamali S, Shohreh J, Mosalanejad L, and Razieh (2016): Attitudes about Sexual Activity among Postmenopausal Women in Different Ethnic Groups: A Cross-sectional Study in Jahrom, Iran; J Reprod Infertil. Jan-Mar; 17(1): 47–55.
Sajatovic M, Friedman S, Schuermeyer I, (2006): Menopause knowledge and subjective experience among pre- and postmenopausal women with bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and major depression. J Nerv Ment Dis.194 (3): 173-8.
Sallam H., Galal A., and Rashed A. (2006): Menopause in Egypt: past and present perspectives, The Suzanne Mubarak Regional Center for Women's Health and Development, Egypt, 9 (6): 421-429.
Serena D, Rodolfo C, Paola M, Roberto S, Cinzia C, Alessandro L, Mele A (2009): Menopause: Knowledge, attitude and practice among Italian women. Maturitas. 63:246–252. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Sharps PW, Phillips J, Oguntimalide L, Saling J, Yun S. 2003: Knowledge, attitude, perceptions and practices of African-American women toward menopausal health. J Nalt Black Nurses Assoc.; 14:9–15. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Shilpa K & Amit RU (2015): A comparative study on postmenopausal symptoms in rural and urban women. Int J Community Med Public Health 2015; 2:604-9.
Simarjeet K, Vandana V and Patial N, 2018: Assessment of knowledge of menopausal women regarding menopause: A descriptive study; International Journal of Applied Research; 4(4): 347-351
Sugunadevi G,& Divya B V; (2018): Health education program about postmenopausal changes to perimenopausal women in an urban slum area, Coimbatore, International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2018 | Vol 7 | Issue 3 page 193-97)
Tanira S, Wazed F, Sultanba A, Amin R, Sultana K, Ahmad S. (2009): Knowledge, attitude and experience of menopause. An urban based study in Bangladesh. Journal of Dhaka Medical College; 18 (1): 33-36
Thomas S (2005): Menopause knowledge and attitudes of English-speaking Caribbean women: implications for health education. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 2005; 3(2):167-76.
Tosson MM, Elsayed A, & Labeeb SA (2014): Assessment of Women Knowledge and Attitude toward Menopause and Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) in Assiut University Hospital. Journal of American Science; 10 (12).
Wong L. and NurLiyana A. (2007): A Survey of Knowledge and perception of menopause among young to middle aged women in federal territory, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. JUMMEC, 10 (2):22-30.
World Health Organization (WHO), 2009: Women and health: today's evidence tomorrow's
Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Health Sciences and Nursing (ISSN: 2456-298X)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Author(s) and co-author(s) jointly and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published elsewhere. Author(s) agree to the terms that the IJRDO Journal will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.