Effect of the Entrance year in the Performance of Village Extension Worker in North Kordofan Rural Development Project (NKRDP)

  • Maruod E.Maruod University of Kordofan
  • Gaafar B. Suliman University of Kordofan
  • Mekki A. A. El Maleih
  • Mohammed Y.Abdalla University of Kordofan
  • Elzubair E. Elzain University of Kordofan
Keywords: Integrated Pest Management (IPM), Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), Plant Protection Department (PPD)

Abstract

The current study was conducted in Um Ruwaba and Bara localities in North Kordofan State during 2006. The main objective of the study was to investigate the effect of entrance year in the role of the Village Extension Worker (VEW) on increasing the awareness of the community towards IPM techniques. The primary data were collected via questionnaires. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select 142 participants and 30 VEWs as a sample size. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis methods such as, frequency table; cross-tabulation and Chi-square. The results showed that the number of fields visits conducted during entrance year was only 35 and increased in unstable manner from 71% to 91.4% in year 2003 and 2004, respectively (p<0.05).The results recorded that in year 2004 the VEW was able to conduct more than twice village meetings per month (65.7%) compared with only 13% in entrance year(p<0.05).During 2004 the regular conducted campaigns represented 88.6% where as in entrance year and second years were only 52.2% & 57% respectively. The high level of significance (p< 0.05).The results explained that 12.5%, 16.7%, 33.3% and 37.5% were the percentage number of farmers trained by the VEW during the years entrance year, 2002, 2003 and 2004, respectively (p>0.05). As stated by the respondents, this could be attributed to the scarcity of the training materials, high illiteracy rate, and lack of desire among some farmers. The study recommends that more attention should be given to vegetables IPM in North Kordofan State where chemicals are used in inappropriate manner.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Maruod E.Maruod, University of Kordofan

University of Kordofan, Faculty of Natural resources and Environmental studies, Department of Agricultural economics and rural development,Elobeid,Sudan

Gaafar B. Suliman, University of Kordofan

University of Kordofan, Faculty of Natural resources and Environmental studies, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Elobied , Sudan

Mekki A. A. El Maleih

Ministry of Agri., Elobeid, Sudan.

Mohammed Y.Abdalla, University of Kordofan

University of Kordofan, Faculty of Natural resources and Environmental studies, Department of Agricultural economics and rural development,Elobeid,Sudan

Elzubair E. Elzain, University of Kordofan

University of Kordofan, Faculty of Natural resources and Environmental studies, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Elobied , Sudan

References

Adams, M. E. (1982): Agricultural Extension in Developing Countries. Long Man Group.

Bashir,. Y. G and EL amin,. E. M (2003): Development and Implementation of Integrated Pest Management in the Medani, K.M; Dakouo, D. Mota-Sanchez, Chapter 12, page (138139).

Chang, D. W. (1963): Extension Education for Agricultural and Rural Development, FAO, Regional Office for Asia and the Far East, Bangkock, Thailand.

Chris, G. H. (1980): Reaching the Rural Poor, a Review of Extension Strategies and Methods (abstract).

El-Amin, E. M. (1997): IPM of Vegetable Pests in the Gezira. Training Workshop on IPM, IPM Building, Wadmadni, Sudan.

El-Arifi, S. A. (1978): Local Government and Local Participation in Rural Development in Sudan. Development Studies and Research Centre, Faculty of Economic Studies and Social Studies, University of Khartoum.

FAO (1979): Food and Agricultural Organization. Report of the 8th Session of the FAO/UNEP Panel of Experts on Integrated Pest Control, 4-8 September 1978. Report No. AGP/1979/M/1.

Kelesy, L. D. and C. Hearn (1963): Cooperative Extension Work, 3rd Ed. Comstock Publishing Association. 1thaca, N. Y.

Khisa, S. G. (2003): Overview of the Farmer Field School Approach, Farmer Field Schools. The Kenyan Experience Report of the Farmer Field School Stakeholders Forum held on the 27th March 2003 at IILRI, Nairobi, Kenya.

Mosher, A. T. (1978): An Introduction to Agricultural Extension. Agricultural Development Council. 1290 Avenue of the Americans, New York, N. Y. 10019.

NKRDP (1999): North Kordofan Rural Development Project, Appraisal Review Report.

Rogers, E. M. and R. J. Budge (1972): Social Change in Rural Societies, Appleton Century-Crofts. Educational Division, Meredith Corporation, New York.

Savile, A. H. (1965): Extension in Rural Communities. London, Oxford University Press. New York, Toronto.

Sharief, O. I. (1990): Study of Traditional Extension System in Kordofan State, Page (2-3), ENCCP.

Uma-lele (1979): The Design of Rural Development Lessons from Africa. The John Hopkins University press, Bultimore, London.

Yasir, G. B. (2002), The Role of Community Participation; Phyto Sanitary News Bulletin African Union October 2002, page (6).

Published
2019-05-04
How to Cite
E.Maruod, M., Gaafar B. Suliman, Mekki A. A. El Maleih, Mohammed Y.Abdalla, & Elzubair E. Elzain. (2019). Effect of the Entrance year in the Performance of Village Extension Worker in North Kordofan Rural Development Project (NKRDP). IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971), 4(4), 112-124. Retrieved from https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/2805