Empowerment of tribal communities through sericulture programmes in Jharkhand State

  • H. H. Ninga Setty
  • Dr. Lasya Gopal
  • Prof. K P Chinnaswamy
Keywords: Tasar, Silkworm, Sericulture, tribal, rearing, empowerment, cocoon, silk

Abstract

Tasar culture is a forest-based tribal oriented industry. It provides income and employment to the rural poor and tribals in Jharkhand and adjoining states in India. The government of Jharkhand has initiated various sericulture development schemes with the support of the Central Silk Board to improve the socio-economic conditions of the people in general and empowerment of tribals in particular. 17 schemes were implemented during the 11th and 12th Five year plan in Jharkhand State by the government. More than 85 per cent of the Tasar rearers belong to tribal community in the pre-cocoon segment. TERI carried out an impact assessment of these programmes including both pre-cocoon and post cocoon segments. This paper discusses the empowerment of tribal people through tasar culture activities especially in the pre-cocoon sectors. The study covered 386 beneficiaries and stakeholders from eight districts by using appropriate tools. The results showed a positive trend with a rapid sericulture growth and involvement of people in this sector. The number of families adopting tasar rearing increased by 15 times, cocoon production by 12 times and silk production by 12 times. Most of the tasar farmers brushed about 200 DFLs per crop. The average income obtained ranged from Rs. 40,000 to 60,000 per annum by Reshamdoot, Rs. 25,000 to 35,000 per annum by seed farmers from two crops and Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 20,000 per annum by commercial and nucleus farmers from one crop. Implementation of theprogrammes has brought positive changes to the socioeconomic condition of the tribal community to a reasonable extent and their empowerment by skilling and knowledge of the sector.

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Author Biographies

H. H. Ninga Setty

Field Manager, The Energy and Resources 

Institute (TERI), 4th Main Road, Domlur 2nd Stage, , Bangalore 560071

Dr. Lasya Gopal

Fellow and Area Convenor, The Energy and Resources Institite (TERI) The Energy and
Resources Institute (TERI), 4th Main Road, Domlur 2nd Stage, , Bangalore 560071

Prof. K P Chinnaswamy

Professor, Department of Sericulture, University of Agriculture Science, Gandhi Krishi
Vignana Kendra, Bangalore 560 065

References

1. H H Ninga Setty, Lasya Gopal and Janakaraja Murali Report on “Evaluation of the Impact of Sericulture Programme Implemented by Industries 11th and 12th five year in the State of Jharkhand” submitted to Department of Directorate of Handloom, Sericulture & Handicraft Department of Industries. Government of Jharkhand
2. Shetty, K.K. et.al [2007]: Vanya Silks of India-Exploring New Horizons, September 21.
3. Ramalaxmi, C.S [2007]: Potential for participation of women in Sericulture sector. March 16.
4. Suryanarayana, N.and Shrivastava, A.K. [2005]: Monograph on Tropical Tasar Silkworm. Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Ranchi, India, p p: 1-87.
5. Rai, S et.al. [2006]: Tasar sericulture, an emerging discipline for conservation and sustainable utilization of natural resources. The Vision Review.
6. Chatterjee,K.K, Chandra,H, Gupta,R and Chakravorty,D [2007]: Tasar culture-An approach of social upliftment of forest dwellers of Achanakmar Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve. Proceedings of workshop
Published
2019-02-11
How to Cite
Setty, H. H. N., Gopal, D. L., & Chinnaswamy, P. K. P. (2019). Empowerment of tribal communities through sericulture programmes in Jharkhand State. IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971), 4(2), 23-30. Retrieved from https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/2671