The Juridical Personality of Companies in Bahraini Law.

  • Prof. Salem A. Gumed Kingdom University, Bahrain.
Keywords: Juridical Personality, Companies, Bahraini Law


Legal personality (also juristic personality and artificial personality) is the characteristic of a non-living entity regarded by law to have the status of personhood. It allows one or more natural persons to act as a single entity (a composite person) for legal purposes. Legal personality, in many jurisdiction, allows that composite to be considered under law separately from its individual members or shareholder. They may sue and be sued, enter contracts, incur debts, and own property. Entities with legal personality may also be subject to certain legal obligations, such as payment of taxes, and may shield their shareholders from personal liability.

This study explores the related concepts of corporate legal personality and limited liability In Bahraini Law of Companies, which are central to developing understanding of companies' law and are essential that one is devised to take time here to absorb these fundamental principles.

Author Biography

Prof. Salem A. Gumed, Kingdom University, Bahrain.

Professor of Commercial law, College of Law, Kingdom University, Bahrain.


1- Books & Areticles
1. A’az Al-Addain Abd-Allah,” Al-qanoon Al-dawli Al-khass” (Private International Law”( text in Arabic), published by: Dar Al-Nahadhah Al-A’araby’a, Cairo, 1977. Vol. (1).
2. Barry S. Roberts‏ & Richard A. Mann‏, “Smith and Roberson's Business Law”. 14th edition, South Western Cengage learning, USA, 2009.
3. David Kershaw, “Company Law in Context: Text and Materials”, Oxford University Press, UK, 2012.
4. Erik M. Vermilion‏, “The Evolution of Legal Business Forms in Europe and the United States”, published by Kluwer Law International, the Netherlands, 2008.
5. Fathi Abd- Alsabour, “Al-shakhasy’a Al-qanoony’a lel-Mashroa’at Ala’amah” (Legal Personality of Public Enterprises), (text in Arabic) Cairo 1975.
6. Fatooh Domah, “Explanation of the Libyan Commercial Law” ( text in
7. Arabic), Al Maktabah Alwatanyah, Benghazi- Libya, 1973
8. George F. Deiser, “The Juristic Person, “University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register”, Vol. 57, No. a, Volume 48 New Series. (Dec. 1908.
9. Hassan Keeera,” Al-madkhal Ela Al-qanoon” (Intro to Lega), (4th edition). Dateless.
10. Holdsworth, “A History of English Law”, Vol V, p 84, Vol VIII.
11. Khaled Jamal Hassan,
12. Kronstein H., "The Nationality of International Enterprise", L11 (52) Col.L.R., Vol. 1952 @ 986.

13. Mads Tønnesson Andenæs, "European Comparative Company Law", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge & New York, 2009.
14. Martin Wolff, "Private International Law", Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1962.
15. Mohammed Helalya, Principles of Commercial Companies, ( text in Arabic) Dar Al Nahdhah Al Arabia, Cairo, ( dateless).
16. Mosleh A. At’tarawaneh
17. Nigeria: Book of Proceedings of the 49th Annual Conference of the Association of Nigerian Geographers (ANG): Department of Geography, University of Abuja, 5th-19th October 2007.
18. North P.M & Fawcett J.J.," Cheshire and North's Private International Law", 12th edition, Butterworths, London, Dublin, Edinburgh, UK, 1992.
19. Salem Gumed, “The Legal aspects of Public International Joint Ventures", (PhD thesis), Strathclyde University, Glasgow. UK. 1996.
20. Salem A. Gumed, “Introduction to Bahraini Law, Theory of law and theory of right according to Bahraini Law”, University of Bahrain, (1st ed), 2012.
21. Samir Chopra & Laurence F. White‏‏, "A Legal Theory for Autonomous Artificial Agents", University of Michigan, USA, 2011.
22. Sealy L.S., "Cases and Materials in Company Law", Butterworths, London, 5th edition 2008.
23. Tusbar Kanti Saha, “Textbook on Legal Methods, Legal Systems & Research”, Universal Law Publications, India, 2010.
24. Thomas G. Walker & Lee Epstein, “Constitutional law for a changing America: Institutional powers and constraints”, CQ Press. 2006.

25. USAIB, International Business Publications, “Italy Company Laws and Regulations Handbook”, USA, 2012

26. USAIB, International Business Publications”, “French Company Laws and Regulations Handbook”, USA, 2012

2- Internet -Links nessay.php#ixzz2Hs2suVF2.

3- Cases
Barings Plc (In Liquidation) v Coopers & Lybrand (No.4) [2002] 2 BCLC 364.
Cook County, Ill. v. U.S. ex rel. Chandler. (01-1572) 538 U.S. 119 (2003) 277 F. ad 969.
Giles v Rhind [2003] 2 WLR 237.
Janson.v. Driefontein Consolidated Mines Ltd [1902] AC 484 at 497,498.
Macaura v Northern Assurance Co. [1925] AC 619 Mr
Salomon v Salomon & Co. [1897] AC 22.
Shaker v Al-Bedrawi [2003] 2 WLR 922).
Wallace Bros, & Co. Ltd. v Commissioner of Income Tax, 11 FED. L.J. IND. 32, 36 (P.C. 1948).