PARAFFINS AND POLYAROMATIC HYDROCARBONS FROM WASTE PET UNDER SLOW HEATING RATE PYROLYSIS

  • Ogunyemi O.I Yaba College of Technology
  • Oyedeko K.F.K lagos state university, ojo
  • Eruola O.A
  • Ricketts M. S.
Keywords: Paraffins, Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons, Waste PET and Pyrolysis

Abstract

Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) a polyester is one of the thermoset plasticsor synthetic fibres produced by step growth polymerization. It is in high demand world overbecause of its intrinsic properties especially for liquid substances.

In Nigeria, particularly Lagos State tonnages of PET are disposed of indiscriminately as wastes unchecked thereby contributes to flooding and ecosystem to breed mosquitoes. Due to its non-biodegradablenature recyclingvia thermolytic is commonly used for its conversion to either liquid fuels or chemical feedstock.

In this study local materials were used to convert waste PET via pyrolysis to obtain liquid volatile organic compounds (VOC) and solid organic compound at temperatures 90oC-124oC, which upon analysis using SRI 8610C GC-FID instrument showed that the products contained saturated paraffins (C11-C19) and poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from simple naphthalene up to complex benzoperylene and indenopyrene. The use of local chalk or its mixture with inorganic base shows advantages over inorganic base lime for it reduces gases and little or no water formation in the course of pyrolysis.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Ogunyemi O.I, Yaba College of Technology

Chemical Engineering Department, School of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering,Yaba College of
Technology, Yaba Lagos State

Oyedeko K.F.K, lagos state university, ojo

Department of Chemical and Polymer Engineering, Lagos State University, Ojo, LagosState (EpeCampus)

Eruola O.A

Chemical Sciences Department, School of Science Yaba College of Technology, Yaba Lagos State

Ricketts M. S.

Physical Science Department, School of Science Yaba College of Technology, Yaba Lagos State

References

Al-Sabagh, A.M.;Yehia, F.Z.; Eshaq,Gh.; Rabie, A.M.; and Elmetwally, A.E. (2016): Greener Routes for Recycling of Poly Ethylene Terephthalate Elsevier Egyptian Journal of Petroleum 25:53-64

Al-Salam, S.M. and Lettieri, P. (2010): Kinetics of Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) and Poly Styrene (PS) Dynamic Pyrolysis; World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 42; 1253-1261

Anke, B. Jan, B.; Carlo, V. and Raf, D. (2011): Polymeric Cracking of Waste Poly Ethylene Terephthalate to Chemicals and Energy; Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 61:7, 721-731.

Bajus, M. and Hajekova, E. (2010): Thermal Cracking of the Model Seven Components Mixed Plastics into Oils/Waxes; Petroleum and Coal 52 (3) 164-172.

Bordynuik, John W. (2013): Viable Production of Diesel from Non-Recyclable Waste Plastics, Proceedings of the 21st Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference, Fort Myers, Florida, USA, 1-10.

Khaing, T.K. and Chaw, S.H. (2015): Effect of Various Catalysts on Fuel Oil Pyrolysis Process of Mixed Plastic Wastes; International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, Vol. 8, Issue 5, 794-802.

Kyaw,K.T. and Hmwe,C.S.S. (2015): Effect of Various Catalysts on Fuel Oil Pyrolysis Process of Mixed Plastic Wastes Int. J. of Advances in Eng& Technol 8 794

Miskolczi, N. (2013): From Crude Oil to Plastics and Routes for Waste Polymer Utilization

Mohammed, M.R. and Moinuddin, S. (2013): Waste Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PETE) and Poly Styrene (PS) into Fuel; International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research volume 2, Issue 7, 176-189

Moinuddin, S.Aminul, K; Mohammed, M.R; Mohammed, M; and Din Mohammed, A.S.M,(2011): Waste Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PETE-1) Conversion into Liquid Fuel; Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications Vol. 1:1-5

Siddiqui, M.A. and Redhwi, H.H. (2011): Recycling of Waste Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) into Feedstock Monomers; NSTI – Nanotech Vol. 3:781-782

Vakili, M.H. and Fard, M.H. (2010): Chemical Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Wastes; World Applied Sciences Journal 8 (7): 839-846

Published
2019-04-18
How to Cite
Ogunyemi O.I, Oyedeko K.F.K, Eruola O.A, & Ricketts M. S. (2019). PARAFFINS AND POLYAROMATIC HYDROCARBONS FROM WASTE PET UNDER SLOW HEATING RATE PYROLYSIS. IJRDO - Journal of Applied Science (ISSN: 2455-6653), 5(4), 01-16. Retrieved from https://ijrdo.org/index.php/as/article/view/2676