IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971) https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr <p>Some of the major topic includes(but not limited to) are Anthropology, Archaeology, Business Management, Business studies, Communication studies, Corporate Governance, Corporate organization, Criminology, Cross cultural, studies, Demography, Development Studies, Economics, Education, Educational Research, English, Literature, Entrepreneurship, ethics, General History, Geography, History, Human, human Tribes, Industrial relations, Information Science, International relations, International studies, Law, Legal Management, Library Science, Linguistics, literature, Local Languages, Market Management, Media studies, Music, Operational Management.<br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="color: #fcbd0f; text-shadow: #666666 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.451</span></strong></span></p> en-US <p>Author(s) and co-author(s)&nbsp;jointly&nbsp;and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any&nbsp;copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published&nbsp;elsewhere.&nbsp;Author(s) agree to the terms that the <strong>IJRDO Journal</strong> will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.</p> editor@ijrdo.org (Naeem Akhtar) info@ijrdo.org (Razia Khan) Sat, 12 Oct 2019 11:40:07 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 ELECTIONS ET RIVALITES ETHNIQUES EN RDC : Regard rétrospective sur le phénomène « ABAMBUTU… » dans la circonscription électorale de Punia. https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3210 <p>&nbsp;This article focuses on electoral practices and ethnic rivalry in the DRC, an experience in the Punia constituency.</p> <p>According to our sources and to our investigations, the electoral choice in 2006 in the electoral district of Punia was the result of a "political marketing" based on ethno or tribal-political values. projects of the companies, the competence, the sense of responsibility, honesty or frankness, the capacity of persuasion, the required profile of the candidate ... were all rejected criteria in favor of a true tribal infeodation.</p> <p>One understands then how much an adage Komo (ABAMBUTU ...), tinged with tribalism and colored politically served as a strategy "maker of the ROI" whatever the fallout that followed.</p> <p>For a radiant and non-confrontational electoral process in the DRC and PUNIA in particular; values ​​such as inclusivity, competence, peace, peaceful alternation, social cohesion ... before, during and after the elections must be more and more privileged. Here are some good reasons to consider s solutions poured into the following lines.</p> CT. Victor NONGA WALEMBA Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3210 Sat, 12 Oct 2019 11:37:03 +0000 C'EST GOUVERNANCE PARLEMENTAIRE, RADIOSCOPIE DE LA FONCTION CONTRÔLE DE L'ASSEMBLÉE PROVINCIALE DU MANIEMA PENDANT LA PREMIERE LEGISLATURE https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3211 <p>Parliamentary governance, let us remember, is the central theme of our reflection. It is in fact a review of the parliamentary oversight function during the first legislature, which focused on three main points:</p> <p>In the first, the study shows that the legal basis of the parliamentary control function remains in conformity with the constitution of the DR Congo. Indeed, his articles197 and 198 confirm this state of affairs.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;In the second, the study sets out the means or control mechanisms legally recognized by the Assemblies, in this case the Maniema (oral questions, arrests, commissions, ...) and the related sanctions.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;In the third, the study makes an inventory of the actions carried out in the field of parliamentary control. Indeed, it is clear that the Provincial Assembly of Maniema in the first legislature reached a score of 67 oral questions with debate, 17 commissions of inquiry, 5 arrests and 4 motions including 03 of distrust and 01 of censorship. Given all the reasons given and in view of the actions carried out, it is necessary to note a "relative efficiency" of the control function of the Provincial Assembly of Maniema with regard to the time allotted to it (12 years of exercise) and the gravities in face (amateurism of deputies, deficit of the culture of the good governance, bad interpretation or application of the internal rules, precarious financial and material, political pressures, political patronage ...).</p> <p>Thus, for a more effective parliamentary oversight function during the second legislature, the study suggests some possible solutions, namely: the awareness of the provincial deputies on the usefulness of the parliamentary oversight function, the capacity building of the provincial deputies and the de-politicization of the parliamentary control function<strong>.</strong></p> CT. Victor NONGA WALEMBA, Ass. Emmanuel SALEH KANDAKE -KANSAL Copyright (c) https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3211 Sat, 12 Oct 2019 11:38:30 +0000 ATTITUDE DES ENSEIGNANTS DE L’ECOLE PRIMAIRE SAINT JOSEPH FACE AUX ENFANTS DU CENTRE SAINT LAURENT https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3203 <p>They are numerous among the children of the streets those that didn't frequent the school, or abandoned it too early. The school is not only inaccessible because of the direct economic costs (enrollments) and indirect (uniforms, displacements, etc.), but it is also in the inability to answer the needs of the children. The abandonment of the school is a crucial factor that drags the child to discover the life of the street and all dangers that are bound him.</p> <p>In its mission of socialization, the Center Saint Laurent for framing of the children family breaking proceeds by school recuperation, enrolling these children in public schools. In these schools, these children are so much the object of the prejudices on behalf of the teachers that of their colleagues who qualify them, nickname them of the thieving children, of the children accused of the sorcery, of the recovered children, stubborer, impolite, that like brutal games… These children are punished severely by their teachers and other authorities of the school, the interior regulation of the school is observed scrupulously to their consideration.</p> <p>This article shows the attitudes that the teachers of the school Saint Joseph and other pupils display facing the children in family breaking sheltered to the Center Saint Laurent. This analysis shows that it is important that the teacher considers all pupils as learners confided to him in order to transmit the knowledge; to have some prejudices towards pupil's category would reduce his role of educator and risk to cause the school dwindle.</p> Michel KAYOMBA N’SINGOMA Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3203 Tue, 22 Oct 2019 07:33:49 +0000 REPRESENTATIONS SOCIOCULTURELLES DES POPULATIONS SUR LA PRATIQUE DE LA MEDECINE TRADITIONNELLE « TOPOKE » DANS LA CHEFFERIE DES BOLOMBOKI (RDC) https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3231 <p>The survey was about the sociocultural representations of the populations on lapratique of medicine traditional" Topoké" in the Chefferie of the Bolombokis. In this Community, the normal and abnormal or mystical illnesses whose therapists argue exist, it is about the tradi-practitioners, the male nurses and physicians and God's servants. The normal illnesses are treated by the tradi-practitioners, the male nurses or physicians all as God's Servants. The mystical illnesses are called on the other hand exclusively by the traditional therapists by incantations, of the reverences of the forebears, the prayers and convenient divinatory, of the invocations, the port of the amulets, the endoréisme, the holding of the canes, songs and dances. The sociocultural representations of these populations are real, positive and print the real mines of the autonomous medical practices. This ancestral medicine of Topoké people of the Bolombokis obeys the cannons of the customary weights remaining traced to the reality of the very determined cultural environment positively. The world of living and some deaths are open in such sort that the living communicate themselves with them died for the recovery of the supernatural illnesses and the blessings of generation in generation.&nbsp;</p> <p>The assigned objectives are the next one: To identify the main reasons of the recourse of the majority of populations of the chefferie of the Bolombokis to the traditional medicine, to Identify the representations socio-cultural of the populations of the Bolomboki chefferie on the Congolese traditional medicine, to Identify and to demonstrate the elements that contribute to the construction of this socio-cultural representation; to Identify the nature, the type of the social reports that exists between the tradi-practitioners and the patients. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> ANGONDO ASAKA John, William WILONDJA WACIBA, LODI PONGOMBO, Jeannot WINGENGA-WI-EPENDO Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3231 Tue, 22 Oct 2019 07:34:27 +0000 Protection du personnel humanitaire dans les conflits armés en République Démocratique du Congo : défis et perspectives https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3265 <p>Cet article traite les défis de la protection des personnes dont la mission est d’apporter l’assistance aux personnes dans le besoin en R.D. Congo, conformément aux principes d’humanité, d’impartialité, d’indépendance et de neutralité. Il met en lumière également les obligations juridiques internationales qui incombent à l’Etat congolais, aux groupes armés et aux organisations humanitaires dans cette protection.</p> <p>&nbsp;Malgré une évolution formelle du contexte sociopolitique congolais, la situation des travailleurs humanitaires se détériore à la fois avec la dégradation de la situation sécuritaire et l’exacerbation des vulnérabilités.&nbsp; Les attaques délibérées contre le personnel humanitaire constituent des crimes de guerre et des crimes contre l’humanité dont la Cour Pénale Internationale devrait être saisie et s’en saisir.</p> Honoré BOLINDE BOLINDE, Michel BAKAY ASUMA, Nelly GBUTA NGOYA, Prince SENGO ETUKA Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3265 Tue, 22 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 L’APOLITISME DES FORCES ARMEES DE LA REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO (FARDC) : Mythe ou réalité ? https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3282 <p><span class="fontstyle0">En Afrique comme partout, le caractère apolitique des<br>militaires reste très théorique. L’intrusion des militaires en politique a<br>longtemps été la norme plutôt que l’exception. La distinction entre<br>gouvernements civils et militaires apparaît de plus en plus superficielle<br>parce que, « en dernière analyse, le pouvoir dans la plupart des États<br>africains (à la fois sous gouvernement civil et militaire) est distribué et<br>détenu sous le contrôle des appareils de sécurité et des forces armées<br>organisées de l’État»</span><span class="fontstyle0">1</span><span class="fontstyle0">.</span> </p> François MBULU EHAMBE, Baby Victor KOLOBO MOKE Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3282 Mon, 04 Nov 2019 10:50:42 +0000 Materialism in Pentecostal churches. Case study of selected churches in Nakuru County https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3313 <p>African Pentecostal Christianity has seen many phases of expressing spirituality since the European colonial authorities left Africa. Many of the African churches that started during and after colonialism were mainly driven by protest against white domination and fight for independence. It is almost fifty years after the independence of most African nations and Christianity in Africa is now importing foreign traits of Christianity namely, Pentecostalism, whose modern origin is the Azusa Street Revival of 1873 – 1929, in Topeka, Kansas. Pentecostal Christianity and its materialistic approach to spirituality, which defies biblical teaching on the same, have been overwhelmingly embraced in Africa. Pentecostal Christianity, largely an import of American Christianity, has now become a popular expression of spirituality in Kenya. This study focused on the materialism: desire to be wealthy and healthy, as distinctive characteristics of Pentecostalism in Nakuru town. Prosperity gospel was evaluated in light of the teaching of the Scriptures. Churches in Nakuru were selected through the use of in-depth interviews to know what views the prosperity gospel teaching pastors held on success, health and material wealth. Questionnaires were issued to the youth, men and women in Pentecostal churches that have embraced prosperity gospel teachings, to determine their views on the same. The data was analysed with the intention of comparing and contrasting the findings in the field concerning prosperity with the biblical position on the same and found out that there is deception in the presentation of prosperity gospel. Pastors who present prosperity gospel twist the Scriptures so as to make money out of the unsuspecting congregants. Theological knowledge was found wanting among pastors and their congregations. Therefore, it is highly recommended that pastors get exposed to adequate theological training before they lead churches.</p> Doreen Nyamosi Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research (ISSN: 2456-2971) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://ijrdo.org/index.php/sshr/article/view/3313 Sat, 09 Nov 2019 19:13:10 +0000