Constituents and Biological Activity of Sudanese Tephrosia apollina (Fabaceae) Seed Oil

  • Mohamed Abdel Karim Sudan University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Science
  • El-Faiz,F. Sudan University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Science
  • Mohamed Alaa University of Bahri, College of Applied and Industrial Chemistry
Keywords: Tephrosia apollina, Oil, GC-MS Analysis, Antimicrobial Activity


Tephrosia is a genus in the family Fabaceae. This genus is distributed in tropical and sub-tropical regions.Tephrosia genus manifested a range of biological activities including: antifungal, antiplasmodial, antiinflammatory, antiulcer , antidiabetic and anticancer activities. In this  study GC-MS analysis of Tephrosia apollina oil revealed the presence of the following major constituents: i)9-octadecenoic acid methyl ester(31.79%);  (ii)9,12-octadecadienoic acid methyl ester(21.34%). ;(iii) hexadecanoic acid methyl ester(17.86%) and  (iv)methyl stearate(16.07%).The oil was evaluated for antimicrobial potential. The studied oil showed significant activity against Bacillus subtilis , Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli .It exhibited  moderate activity against other test organisms.


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How to Cite
Karim, M. A., El-Faiz,F., & Mohamed Alaa. (2019). Constituents and Biological Activity of Sudanese Tephrosia apollina (Fabaceae) Seed Oil. IJRDO - JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 5(9), 01-08.