IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668) https://ijrdo.org/index.php/ar <p>The scope of IJRDO Journal of Agriculture &amp; Research not limited to the following subject areas: Agronomy, Entomology, Horticulture, Plant pathology, Plant Science, Fertilizers and pesticides, Genetic Engineering &amp; plant breeding, Animal scienceVeterinary Science, Aquaculture/Fisheries, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural machinery, Post Harvest and Quality, Agricultural development, Agricultural Economics, Rural development, Sustainable Agriculture, Organic agriculture, Soil Conservation, Soil Science, Rainwater harvesting and crop water management, Crop Genetics &amp; Breeding, Tillage &amp; Cultivation Agricultural products – Raw Materials, Foods, Fibers, Fuels, Irrigation, Soil &amp; Fertilization.<br><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong> <span style="color: #fcbd0f; text-shadow: #666666 0px 0px 3px;">Current Impact Factor: 2.448</span></strong></span></p> IJRDO Journal en-US IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668) 2455-7668 <p>Author(s) and co-author(s)&nbsp;jointly&nbsp;and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any&nbsp;copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published&nbsp;elsewhere.&nbsp;Author(s) agree to the terms that the <strong>IJRDO Journal</strong> will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.</p> Growth performance of Shea nut tree (Vitellaria paradoxa) collections in an ex-situ trial plot in Lira District, Uganda. https://ijrdo.org/index.php/ar/article/view/2776 <p><em>Shea nut tree (Vitellaria paradoxa) is one of the most important indigenous trees growing in sub-Saharan Africa. Its primary product, Shea butter is used to make vital ingredients in confectionary, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Despite its significance, little is known about its progression in growth from germination to maturity. To close this knowledge gap, a study to assess the growth performance was conducted on Shea tree collections from four provenances of Northern Uganda. The objectives of the study were to<strong>; </strong>establish a collection of V. paradoxa trees from the different major growing areas in Lango sub-region to serve as a genebank for future improvement programmes; compare the growth performance of the different accessions and to bring V. paradoxa into domestication to avoid depletion of those in the wild. The study was designed in a systematic plot design at a spacing of 4 m x 8 m in August, 2011. Minimal growth for all accessions was observed in the first 24 months followed by an abrupt but steady height gain thereafter for 20 months. Accessions from Palabek recorded the greatest height and number of branches; whereas Adwari had the lowest branch recruitment. Significant variations in growth demands for studies to correlate traits investigated with fruit nut yield of the parent trees. &nbsp;</em></p> Moses Okao Odoi J.B. Okia C.A Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-18 2019-04-18 5 4 01 07 Effects of Cow Manure on Growth and Yield of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) In salty affected soil and drip irrigation system, Bahrain kingdom https://ijrdo.org/index.php/ar/article/view/2795 <p>To get benefit of the&nbsp;&nbsp; available resources (FYM), save environment and to reduce the production cost the present study is focused on the response of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) to the application of&nbsp;&nbsp; caw manure. Experiment was laid in a Complete Block Design (RCBD); four rates of farm caw manure 00,8,16 and 24 tons/acre were added in the open research farm, Budaiya, Bahrain Kingdom.</p> <p>Plant height, head diameter (core length), number of leaf, leaf area index(LAI), marketable yield and the nutrient composition of fresh lettuce were measured</p> <p>The result indicated that lettuce grown in a sand soil amended with relatively higher amounts of organic manures (24t/acre) exhibited some good growth.</p> <p>&nbsp;Leaf area index, Avg. core length and yield (marketable yield) were significantly responded. while number of leaf and Plant height were not.</p> <p>&nbsp;In term of quality; generally, amounts of calcium, zin and iron were increased with increasing rate of organic fertilizer but the calcium content was increased significantly.</p> <p>Lettuce can be grown better using 24 t/acre caw manure, for higher yield and quality.</p> <p>Further study on even higher levels of caw manure is suggested</p> Dr. Abdelmoneim Ahmed Elgubshawi Hussin Attia Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-18 2019-04-18 5 4 08 12 Impacts of the Cow Dung Biochar to the Soil Fertility https://ijrdo.org/index.php/ar/article/view/2799 <p>We have encountered a number of global ecological problems as reducing greenhouse gases, creating green mining, mitigating soil desertification and maintaining natural balance. Our country is the country of animal husbandry and one of our ecological problems is processing the animal waste and using it as organic raw material. Therefore, we studied the properties of the biochar produced from cow dung in Mongolia in order to study its impacts to the soil.</p> <p>The United Nations Organization organizes annual forums on climate changes and one of the discussions in 2014 was bio-coal: a proposal on using the bio-coal as one of the technologies to mitigate climate change and to acclimatize it [1-3].</p> <p>Biochar is a black residue of biomass hot decomposition. Biochar is a substance resulted from hot processing, has aromatic structure and contains mainly carbon; its chemical and biological properties ensure it as strongly reliable material (adsorbent) with much surface, high degree of porosity and good ability to absorb different substances in liquid, solid and gas mode [4-6].</p> <p>Therefore, studied the properties of the biochar, which was produced from such common waste in Mongolia as cow dung, and studied its impacts to the soil.</p> Nandintsetseg Davaapurev Battulga.G Sarantuya.S Battsetseg.G Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-04-18 2019-04-18 5 4 13 14 Proactive approaches to the Mediterranean AgroCities https://ijrdo.org/index.php/ar/article/view/2852 <p class="western"><span style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">The evolution of the urban-territorial city and of our occupied environments produced, during the last decades, in Europe in a general way and in Italy in a specific way, a combination of matters regarding the relations City-Nature, City-Nature-Landscape and a change of prespective between the urban, physical and social dimension and the largest agricultural-landscape and agricultural-environmental system in the context within which the city redefines and develops itself. This change of prespective stabilized and manifested itself with the increasing awareness of the need that agricultural and forestry spaces must develop a plural, structural, articulate and functional role; a role within which various knowledges and regulations, various norms and sections of public policies are combined.</span></span></p> <p class="western"><span style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Overcoming the opposition city-country, within which the suburban areas play a vital and active role - with its center within a productive and creator function of complex value - a new model of integrated approach towards territorial policies and the geo-urban project is needed, able to adequately represents the different applications within the territory.</span></span></p> <p class="western"><span style="font-family: Calibri, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">This kind of approach focus on a matter that, from the planning point of view appears unavoidable and that refers to the need of integration between territorial and political planning and rural development plans that combine primary/tertiary activities and agricultural production. </span></span></p> Manuel Gausa Navarro Nicola Valentino Canessa Giorgia Tucci Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-05-01 2019-05-01 5 4 15 20 The Agricultural Impact of IFAD Intervention in Crop Production in Semi Arid Zone in Um Rowaba and Bara localities of North Kordofan State, Sudan https://ijrdo.org/index.php/ar/article/view/2809 <p>The current study was conducted in April 2009, in Um Rowaba and Bara localities to assess the impact of IFAD project in socio- economic interventions&nbsp; in rural communities, livelihood. The study used field survey household questionnaire to collect primary data, stratified systematic random sampling technique was used. 384 households was the sample interviewed. Results showed that 14.6% of the respondents received agricultural inputs in form of improved seeds in very miner quantities, 85.5% of the respondents did not receive any kind of agricultural inputs during the project intervention, 28.1% of the respondents&nbsp; of both males and females said that the farmers field schools (FFS) were established in the project area, to disseminate the extension packages among the farmers, 71.9%of participants in (FFS) responded negative disseminate of extension packages among them. 75.9 % of the respondents indicated that there was no increased in agricultural production during the project interventions in the study area. To increase the agricultural production in the project area more attention should be given to agricultural extension services, capacity building, and more studies to be conducted in IFAD (North Kordofan Rural Development) NKRDP to improve its performance in alleviating poverty and ensuring food security in the project area.</p> Maruod E.Maruod Gaafar B. Suliman Elzubair E. Elzain Attika M. E.Marouf Mohammed Y. Abdalla Copyright (c) 2019 IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 5 4 21 31