Evaluation on nutritive value of four commercial Nile River fish species

  • Obany Okuki Department of Fisheries
  • Goang, O.M.A
  • Pio K Deng
Keywords: Nutritive value, commercial fish, Nile River


The study was carried out to evaluate and assess the yield of edible, inedible parts and nutritional composition of four River Nile fish species. The fillets percentage yield was found to be 39.3±3.7%, 35.9±9.1%, 21.8±7.1%, and 37.14 % for Heterotis niloticus, clarias gariepinus, tetraodon lineatus, Malapterurus electricus respectively. Proximate analysis revealed that the protein was 20.3±0.07, 18.3±0.04, 18.1±0.08 and 19.3±0.08% for Heterotis niloticus, clarias gariepinus, tetraodon lineatus and Malapterurus electricus.  Fat content were 4.2±0.02%, 2.2±0.01%, 3.2±0.03% and 3.1±0.02% for Heterotis niloticus, clarias gariepinus, tetraodon lineatus and Malapterurus electricus respectively. Moisture content was found to be 74.0±0.02%, 77.8±0.08%, 77.3±0.01% and 76.4±0.03% respectively. And ash content was 1.5±0.06%, 1.7±0.06%, 1.3±0.04% and 1.3±0.02% respectively. Protein, fat, contents were significantly high in Heterotis niloticus, whereas moisture and ash contents were significantly high in clarias gariepinus. The study concluded that all species under investigation were rich in food nutritive value.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Obany Okuki, Department of Fisheries

Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Animal Production, Upper Nile University South

Goang, O.M.A

Department of Animal Husbandry and Breeding, Faculty of Animal production, Upper Nile
University, South Sudan.

Pio K Deng

Faculty of Agriculture, Upper Nile University, South Sudan.


Ali.M.E, Babiker.S A., and Tibin.I M. Body Characteristics, yield indices and proximate composition of commercial fish species of Lake Nubian. Processing of FAO Expert Consultation on fish technology in Africa (1996), Kenya and FAO Fisheries Report No. 574:211-214.

AOAC. Official methods of analysis, 17th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists Inc., Arlington, Virginia, USA. 2002, p(69-79)

Babiker,M.M. Dietary Nile Fishes: A Reclassification According toNutritional Merit. (1981). Sudan Notes and Records 62:161–170.

Clucas, I. J, Sutcliffe. An Introduction to Fish Handling and Processing. Tropical Products Institute. London (1981). P(178-179).

Crawford MA. The role of essential fatty acids in neural development: implications for perinatal nutrition. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (1993) 57: 703S–710S.

Dhaneesh KV, Noushad KM, Ajith Kumar TT. Nutritional Evaluation of Commercially Important Fish Species of Lakshadweep Archipelago, India. PLoS ONE (2012) 7(9): e45439. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045439.

Eyo, A A. Carcass composition and filleting yield of ten fish Species from Kainji Lake. In FAO Fisheries Expert Consultation on Fish Technology in Africa, Ghana (1989). No. 467 pp. 173-175.

Fawole,O.O., Ogundiran.M.A., Ayandiran.T.A., and Olagunju.O.F. Proximate and mineral composition in some selected fresh water fishes in Nigeria. Internet Journal of Food Safety (2007). 9: 52 -55.

Gokoglu N., Yerlikaya P. and Cengiz E. Effects of cooking methods on the proximate composition and mineral contents of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Food Chemistry, Great Britain, (2004) V. 84, n1, p.19-22.

Huss, H. H. quality and quality changes in fresh fish. FAO Fisheries Technical paper – 348 Rome. (1995). Pp (39-50, 195-199).

Jabeen, F. and Chaudhry A. S. Monitoring trace metals in different tissues of Cyprinus carpio from the Indus River in Pakistan. Environ Monit Assess, (1995): 170, 645–656. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1263-4.

JHCI UK. Eating long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, as part of a healthy lifestyle, has been shown to help maintain heart health. British report. (2004) Available from: http://www.jhci.org.uk/approv/JHCIDossier.pdf Accessed 2011 Dec 12.

Limin, L., X. Feng, and H. Jing. Amino acids composition difference and nutritive evaluation of the muscle of five species of marine fish, Pseudosciaenacrocea (large yellow croaker), Lateolabraxjaponicas (common sea perch), Pagrosomus major (red seabream), Seriola dumerili (Dumeril’s amberjack) and Hapalogenysnitens (black grunt) from Xiamen Bay of China. Aquat. Nutr (2006). 12: 53–59.

Love R M. The Chemical Biology of Fishes. Brown ME (Edn), Academic press. New York, USA. (1980), p(230-232).

Obanu,Z.A., and Ikeme A I. Processing characteristics and yield of somefishes species of the river Niger in Nigeria FAO consultation of fishtechnology in Africa FIIU/R400 Supp. (1988). Pp. (218-221).

Onyia,L.U., Milan.C., Manu.J.M., and Allison.D.S. Proximate andmineral composition in some freshwater fishes in Upper River Benue,Yola Nigeria. Continental J.Food Science and Technology, (2010). 4:1- 6.

Ozogul Y, Ozogul F. Fatty acid profiles of commercially important fish species from the Mediterranean, Aegean and Black Seas,. Food Chemistry (2007) 100: 1634–1638.

Sandon.H. An Illustrated guide to the Freshwater fishes of The Sudan. LONDON McCORQUODALE&Co.1950. P(14-65).

Rasoarahona JRE, Barnathan G, Bianchini JP, Gaydou EM (2005) Influence of season on the lipid content and fatty acid profiles of three tilapia species (Oreochromis niloticus, O. macrochir and Tilapia rendalli) from Madagascar. Food Chemistry 91: 683–694.

Shearer, K. D. Factors affecting the proximate composition of cultured fishes with emphasis on salmonids. Aquaculture (1994) 119, 63-88.

Simopoulos AP. Omega-3 fatty acids in inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Journal of American College Nutrition (2002) 21: 495–505.

Ward OP, Singh A. Omega-3/6 fatty acids: alternative sources of production. Process Biochemistry (2005) 40: 3627–3652.

Weber, J.; Bochi, V.C.; Ribeiro, C.P.; Victorio, A.M.; Emanuelli, T. Effect of Different Cooking Methods on the Oxidation, Proximate and Fatty Acid Composition of Silver Catfish (Rhamdia Quelen) Fillets. Food Chemistry. (2008) 106,140–146.

How to Cite
Okuki, O., Goang, O.M.A, & Pio K Deng. (2019). Evaluation on nutritive value of four commercial Nile River fish species. IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668), 5(3), 01-10. Retrieved from https://ijrdo.org/index.php/ar/article/view/2768