Intra-day ecological operation mode of hydraulic units

  • Lyushvin Petr Vladimirovich Independent Researcher, Moscow, Russia
  • Buyanova Marina Olegovna The Faculty of Law, HIGHER SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS, Moscow, Russia
Keywords: dams, hydrobionts, unevenness of passes, methane.

Abstract

The fish productivity of water bodies is determined by the intensity of reproduction of sustainable replenishment, feed base, consumption, including fishing, and pollution. Under conditions of controlled runoff, hydrobionts are not evolutionarily adapted to daily changes in water level. Deposited caviar, larvae and fish dry in the floodplain and beyond the brow of the coast due to daily variability in water level - omissions. Peak omissions from coastal hydroelectric power stations lead to a premature spill of young semi-passable fish into brackish water that is disastrous for them. One of the food chains in the reservoirs begins with benthos. The development of benthos and young fish is limited by methane, the concentration of which increases to critical for them during earthquakes and floods (mass inflow from floodplains of waters and silts rich in biogas-methane).

In order to preserve the fish productivity of reservoirs, it is advisable to dampen the level by separating energy, sluice and ecological passages by the time of day, prohibit explosions at reservoirs m on regional faults of the earth's crust, otherwise deduct funds for fish breeding plants, arrangement of spawning grounds and bulk reservoirs.

Significant changes in the water level at high pressure dams lead to local earthquakes, massive methane emissions to reservoirs.

These negative factors lead to the fact that the fish productivity of regulated reservoirs does not even go to the 20÷50% from the expected-planned level, a significant part of the population at rivers and river deltas loses food and work.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdurakhmanov Yu.A. The modern state of fish stocks in the river basin. Kura. Biological resources of the Caspian Sea//Astrakhan. 1972. P.25-27.

Chepkunas L.S., Mikhailova R.S., Pribylova N.E. IV. Refinement of parameters and nature of seismic event centers. Earthquakes of Northern Eurasia in 2000//Obninsk. 2006. P.337-346. http://www.seapeace.ru/population/fishes/82.html

Khlebovich V.V. Critical salinity of biological processes//L.: Science, 1974. 235 p.

Kovalev E.E. Dynamics of the shallow sea of the river. Volga according to space surveys//Autoreferat dissertation for the degree of candidate of geographical sciences. M.: Novo-Press LLC, 2005. 24 p.

Lyushvin P.V. Karpinsky M. G. Causes of sharp reductions in the biomass of zoobenthos and their consequences//Fisheries. 2009. №5. P.65-69.

Lyushvin P.V. Regulation of the operation of the hydroelectric power station in order to exclude daily passes. Fisheries problems of construction and operation of dams and ways to solve them//M.: WWF Russia, 2010. P.93-100. http://www.myshared.ru/slide/540235/

Lyushvin P.V. Rivets on the Earth Sciences. The result of elevating paradigms to the status of axioms in geophysics and hydrobiology//M. Author's edition, 2016. 147 p. http://nadisa.org/download/lyushvin_book.pdf. (In Russian).

Lebedev S.A., Kostyanaya A.G. Satellite altimetry of the Caspian Sea//M.: Ed. Mir Center, 2005. 366 p.

Marchuk A.N.; Durcheva V.N.; Savich A.I.; Malyshev L.I.; Radkevich D.B. Earthquake forecasting method. Russian Patent 2068185//1996.

Nadezhka L.I., Safronich I.N., Orlov R.A., Pivovarov S.P. Voronezh crystal massif. Earthquakes of Northern Eurasia in 2000//Obninsk. 2006. P.193-196.

Ogadzhanov V.A., Chepkunas L.S., Mikhailova R.S., Solomin S.V., Usanova A.V. On the catalog of earthquakes of the Srenego and Lower Volga region. Earthquakes of Northern Eurasia in 2002//Obninsk. 2001. P.119-127.

Ogadzhanov V.A., Maslova M.Yu., Ogadzhanov A.V. Saratov geodynamic polygon. Earthquakes of Northern Eurasia in 1995//Obninsk. 2008. P.255-264.

Patin S.A. Environmental problems of development of oil and gas resources of the sea shelf//M.: VNIRO, 1997. 349 p.

Polonsky V.F. Methodology for determining the characteristics of surges in the shallow zone of the sea and in the Volga Delta//Meteorology and hydrology. 2003. №11. P.72-81.

Water biological resources of the northern Kuril Islands. Edited by O.F. Gritsenko, M. VNIRO, 2000. 163 p.

Zalumi S.G., Gazaryan M.T., Pravotorov B.I. Influence of freshwater runoff intensity on bream growth in the lower Dnieper//Fishery, 1981. vol.23. P.69-74.

Zhitniy B.G. Biological resources of the Running Sea. Theoretical and applied foundations of their restoration and rational use. Autoreferat of Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov Faculty of Biology. 2005. 53 p. http://aquacultura.org/upload/files/pdf/library/disser/Zhitniy2.pdf

Published
2021-09-24
How to Cite
Vladimirovich, L. P., & Olegovna, B. M. (2021). Intra-day ecological operation mode of hydraulic units. IJRDO - Journal of Applied Management Science (ISSN: 2455-9229), 7(9), 01-07. Retrieved from https://ijrdo.org/index.php/ams/article/view/4610