Childhood nutrition in Mexico: A diagnosis study of indigenous children of the Totonacapan

  • Luis Roberto Canto Valdes Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla
  • Juan Antonio Cortés-Ruiz Instituto Tecnológico de Mazatlán
  • César Reyes Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla
  • Hebert Jair Barrales Cureño Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla
  • Edora Reyes Hernández Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla
Keywords: Body mass index, daily diet, nutrition, totonaco children

Abstract

In this work was made a diagnostic analysis about the nutritional quality of indigenous children of the community of Huehuetla, State of Puebla, Mexico is known as Totonacapan. The study was performed in the children´s garden “Jardin de niños de Huehuetla” from 5 to 9th November 2015. In order to determine the nutritional quality in children from 3 to 5 years old was carried out anthropomorphic measurements through body mass index (BMI) and the amount of calorie ingested daily. The sample consists of 57 children, which were classified by age: 3, 4 and 5 years old. According to BMI, children of 3 years do not show symptoms of malnutrition; for children of four years old, only 7.1 % of female showed undernutrition signals. In the case of children of five years old, 30 % presented overweight and obesity (30 %). Totonaco children analyzed consumed between 800 to 1150 Kcal/day, indicating that there is not a direct relationship between daily calorie consumption against BMI. Finally, totonaco children have a low diet in fat, but rich in carbohydrates and 30 % of them could suffer some degree of malnutrition.                             The children sample analyzed in this study and in accord to anthropomorphic measurements, indicate that there is not apparent malnutrition on totonaco children between three and five years.

Author Biographies

Luis Roberto Canto Valdes, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla

División de Procesos Sociales, Derecho con Enfoque Intercultural, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla. Calle Principal a Lipuntahuaca S/N; Lipuntahuaca, Huehuetla, Puebla, México, C.P. 73475

Juan Antonio Cortés-Ruiz, Instituto Tecnológico de Mazatlán

Ingeniería Bioquímica. Instituto Tecnológico de Mazatlán, Unidad II Anillo Periférico S/N Esq. Huacanaxtle. Fracc. Pradera Dorada, Mazatlán, Sinaloa, México

César Reyes, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla

División de Procesos Naturales, Ingeniería Forestal Comunitaria, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla. Calle Principal a Lipuntahuaca S/N; Lipuntahuaca, Huehuetla, Puebla, México, C.P. 73475

Hebert Jair Barrales Cureño, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla

División de Procesos Naturales, Licenciatura en Enfermería, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla. Calle Principal a Lipuntahuaca S/N; Lipuntahuaca, Huehuetla, Puebla, México, C.P. 73475

Edora Reyes Hernández, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla

División de Procesos Naturales, Licenciatura en Enfermería, Universidad Intercultural del Estado de Puebla. Calle Principal a Lipuntahuaca S/N; Lipuntahuaca, Huehuetla, Puebla, México, C.P. 73475.

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Published
2018-01-31