WHAT IS THE PREVALENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS IN JUBA CITY, SOUTH SUDAN?

  • Akway M. Cham College of Medicine University of Juba
  • Maker Malok Machuny College of Medicine University of Juba
  • DhelNhomachot Manot College of Medicine University of Juba
  • Yohanis Riek Makuach Gok College of Medicine University of Juba
  • Ohide Peter Abraham Yeich Jang Ruon College of Medicine University of Juba
  • Riak Amuor Kulang College of Medicine University of Juba
Keywords: prevalence, diabetes, health education, screening and prevention

Abstract

Diabetes is an important public health problem, one of the four priorities in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) recognized as an important cause of premature death and disability. In 2014, the number of cases of diabetes was estimated to be 422 million people in the world, a prevalence of 8.5% among adult population. The prevalence of diabetes in South Sudan in general and in Juba city in particular has not been studied. The estimated prevalence of 7.43% according to world diabetes federation was estimated by extrapolation using the neighboring countries. This study is aimed to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Juba city among patients visiting Malakia Diabetic Control Center. The prevalence of diabetes was determined using cross-sectional study design by analyzing quantitative secondary data. It was found that the prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 11.8%. By gender, the majority of cases were male (7.2%) compared to female (4.6%). Based on this research finding, it can be concluded that Diabetes Mellitus is increasing in South Sudan. Therefore South Sudan government and its partners should double efforts to establish health centers so that more and regular screening can be done. Health education for high risk group and general population should be carried out routinely.

Author Biographies

Akway M. Cham, College of Medicine University of Juba

Assistant Professor/Head of Department 

Maker Malok Machuny, College of Medicine University of Juba

Department of Community Medicine

DhelNhomachot Manot, College of Medicine University of Juba

Department of Community Medicine,

Yohanis Riek Makuach Gok, College of Medicine University of Juba

Department of Community Medicine

Ohide Peter Abraham Yeich Jang Ruon, College of Medicine University of Juba

Department of Community Medicine

Riak Amuor Kulang, College of Medicine University of Juba

Department of Community Medicine

Published
2017-12-31