Effect of Irrigation and Amino acid Application Rates in Growth and Yield of Toroh (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus)

  • Abdelmoneim Ahmed elgubshawi College of Agricultural Studies, SUST
  • Hussin Attia Soil and fertilizers dep. Plant wealth Directorate, Bahrain kingdom



Experiments were carried out in the Experimental Farm; Budaiya, kingdom of Bahrain, to investigate the growth and yield of snake cucumber (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus), locally known as Toroh (local variety) in relation to irrigation and foliar application of amino acid rates.

Traditionally, vegetables cultivation practice throughout the country with low production contributed to 14% of demand. To improve production, several techniques adopted of which drip irrigation, chemical fertilizers, soil conditioners and plant growth regulators.

In this, regard Irrigation at rates of 5L/hr for 10 min (1, 2 and 3 times/week frequencies) and amino acid foliar application of 0.00 ml/L (Null), 500 ml/L and 750ml/L were investigated.

Water quality, soil properties plant height, fresh weight, fresh root weight, and yield count and yield weight measured.

The plant growth parameters and yield are significantly responded to irrigation rates and to less degree to amino acid (biostimulant) .The interaction between treatments was significant at P<0.05. The application of amino acid at rate of 750 mg L-1 is relatively better but statistically insignificant. Such other parameters, Soil salinity effect, source of amino acid and application rates and time should be considered.



Download data is not yet available.



Abdel-Mawgoud, A.M.R., El-Bassiouny, A.M., Ghoname, A. and Abou-Hussein, S.D. 2011. Foliar Application of Amino Acids and Micronutrients Enhance Performance of Green Bean Crop under Newly Reclaimed Land Conditions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5, 51-55

Abo Sedera FA, Abd El-Latif AA, Bader LAA, Rezk SM 2010. Effect of NPK mineral fertilizer levels and foliar application with humic and amino acids on yield and quality of strawberry. Egypt J Appl Sci.;25:154-169]

Al-Busaidi, A., S. Al-Rawahy and M. Ahmed 2009. Response of different tomato cultivars to diluted seawater salinity. Asian J. Crop Sci., 1: 77-86

El-Lethy, S.R., M.T. Abdelhamid and F. Reda, 2013. Effect of potassium application on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars grown under salinity stress. World Applied Sci. J., 26: 840-850

Al-Thabet, S.S., 2006. Promotive effect of 5-amino Levulinic acid on growth and yield of wheat grown under dry conditions. J. Agron. 5(1), 45–49.

A. M. A. El-Said. and Mahdy, A.Y. 2016. Response of Two Wheat Cultivars to Foliar Application with Amino Acids under Low Levels of Nitrogen Fertilization. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research ISSN 2077-4605: 05 ( 04 ). 462-472

Akladious, S.A. and S.M. Abbas, 2013. Alleviation of seawater stress on tomato by foliar application of aspartic acid and glutathione. J. Stress Physiol. Biochem., 9: 282-298.

Azimi M. S., Daneshian J., Sayfzadeh S., Zare S. 2013.Evaluation of amino acid and salicylic acid application on yield and growth of wheat under water deficit. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 5 (8): 816–819

Barnett, J.A., Payne, R.W., Yarrow, D., 1990. Yeast Characteristics and Identification, second ed. Press, Cambridge Univ., London,UK, 1012 p.

Chapman, H.D. and Pratt, P.F. (1978) Methods of Analysis for Soils, Plants and Waters. Univ. California Div. Agric. Sci. Priced Publication, Oakland

Davies D.D, 1982. Physiological aspects of protein turn over. Encycl Plant Physiol.;45:481–487

Dawood, M.G., M.T. Abdelhamid and U. Schmidhalter, 2014. Potassium fertilizer enhances the salt-tolerance of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). J. Hortic. Sci. Biotechnol., 89: 185-192.

Delfine, S., Tognettir, R., Loreto, F., Alvino, A., 2002. Physiologicaland growth responses to water stress in field grown bell pepper (Capsicum annuum, L.). J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 77 (6), 697–704.

Jackson, M.L. (1973) Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 498.

El-Din, K.M.G. and M.S.A. Abd El-Wahed, 2005. Effect of some amino acids on growth and essential oil content of chamomile plant. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 7: 376-380.

Hammad, S.A.R., 2008. Physiological and anatomical studies on drought tolerance of pea plants by application of some natural extracts. Ann. Agric. Sci., Ain Shams Univ., Cairo 53 (2), 285–305.

Klute A (1986). Methods of Soil Analysis. No 9 Part I Physical and Mineralogical Properties. American Society of Agronomy Madison, Wisconsin.

Mahamed, M.B., Sarobol, E., Hordofa, T., Kaewrueng, S., Verawudh, J., 2011. Effects of soil moisture depletion at different growth stages on yield and water use efficiency of bread wheat grown in semi arid conditions in Ethiopia. Kasetsart J.

Nat. Sci. 45: 201–208.

Maria, A.M., Gendy, A.A., Selim, A.H., Abd El.-All, A.M., 2008.Response of wheat plants grown under water stress in relation to Jasmonic acid. Minufiya J. Agric. Res. 33 (6), 1355–1375.

Marschner, H., 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. 2nd Edn., Academic Press Ltd., London, UK., ISBN-13: 978-0124735439, PP: 889

Mohamed, A.M., 2006. Effect of Some Bio-chemical Fertilization Regimes on Yield of Maize. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Zagazig Univ., Egypt, pp. 70–177.

Mujtaba, S.M., Ali, M., Ashraf, M.Y., Khanzada, B., Farhan, S.M.,Shirazi, M.U., Khan, M.A., Shereen, A., Mumtaz, S., 2007. Physiological responses of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under water stress conditions at seedling stage. Pak. J. Bot. 39 (7): 2575–2579.

Namich, Alia.A.M., 2007. Response of cotton cultivar Giza 80 to application of glycine betaine under drought conditions. Minufiya J. Agric. Res. 32 (6):1637–1651.

Osborne et al., (2002) Osborne, S.L., Schepers, V., Francis, D.D., Schlemmer, M.R., 2002. Use of spectral radiance to estimate in-season biomass and grain yield in nitrogen and water-stressed crop. Crop Sci. 42: 165–171.

Sadak, M.S.H., M.T. Abdelhamid and U. Schmidhalter, 2015. Effect of foliar application of aminoacids on plant yield and some physiological parameters in bean plants irrigated with seawater. Acta Biologica Colombiana, 20: 141-152.

Rai VK. 2002. Role of amino acids in plant responses to stress. Biol Plant. 45:471–478

Zaki, Nabila.M., Hassanein, M.S., Gamal El-Din, K.M., 2007.Growth and yield of some wheat cultivars irrigated with saline water in newly cultivated land as affected by biofertilization. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 3 (10): 1121–1126.

Maryam Jannesari, Ahmad Mohammadi Ghehsareh and Jaber Fallahzade, 2016. Response of Tomato Plant towards Amino Acid Under Salt Stress in a Greenhouse System. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 9: 131-139.

How to Cite
elgubshawi, A. A., & Attia, H. (2021). Effect of Irrigation and Amino acid Application Rates in Growth and Yield of Toroh (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus). IJRDO - Journal of Agriculture and Research (ISSN: 2455-7668), 7(9), 01-06. Retrieved from http://ijrdo.org/index.php/ar/article/view/4558